Effect of herding behavior and overconfidence bias on investor’s financial decisions: A case of investment in crypto currency in Pakistan

Main Article Content

Qazi Subhan
Muhammad Najmul Hasnain


There are various behavioral aspects that influence the financial decisions of individual investors, such as overconfidence, herding behavior, loss aversion, and regret aversion. Other psychological elements may play a substantial influence in deciding the success or failure of any financial action. The primary aims of the present research article are to examine the effects of overconfidence bias and herding behavior on individual financial decisions regarding crypto currency investment. The markets for crypto currencies are extremely sensitive to any minute or significant changes in the economy, as well as to any changes in the individual behaviors of investors.  To achieve these aims, 650 questionnaires were distributed to individual investors employed by various financial institutions, multinational corporations, including oil and gas exploration and production companies, operating in Pakistan, individual investors dealing in stocks, and students regardless of investment size. Purposive sampling was used to choose 311 valid responses from a total of 593. Those investors that engage in crypto currency investments were deemed valid responses. Classifications of investments were outlined, and demographic information was requested from respondents. SPSS-based empirical analysis provided the basis for the conclusions. The primary findings indicate that both overconfidence bias and herding tendency have a favorable and statistically significant impact on investors' financial decisions when investing in cryptocurrencies. In this study's sample, however, the majority of investors were overconfident in their crypto currency investing decisions.

Article Details

How to Cite
Subhan, Q., & Hasnain, M. N. (2023). Effect of herding behavior and overconfidence bias on investor’s financial decisions: A case of investment in crypto currency in Pakistan. Journal of Management Info, 9(3), 361–383. https://doi.org/10.31580/jmi.v9i3.2677
Author Biographies

Qazi Subhan, Department of Business Studies, Bahria University Islamabad, Pakistan

Bahria University Islamabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Najmul Hasnain, Internal Auditor

Mari Petroleum Company Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan


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