The Frequency of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children Presenting with Febrile Seizures – A Cross-Sectional Study


  • Saima Sikandar Department of Pediatric Medicine, Pakistan institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Nadia Waheed Department of Pediatric Medicine, Pakistan institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Khizer Ilyas Department of Pediatric Medicine, Pakistan institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan



Children, prevalence, Febrile seizures, Iron deficiency anemia, Socioeconomic factors


Objective: This study aimed to determine the frequency of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in children with febrile seizures and investigate its association with febrile convulsions. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 360 children aged 6 months to 5 years presenting with febrile seizures. Demographic data and blood samples were collected for iron-related assessments. Data analysis included descriptive statistics and chi-square tests. Results: Among the study population, 18.9% (68) of the children had iron deficiency anemia. No significant associations were found between gender, milk-feeding practices, or post-treatment status and iron deficiency anemia. However, a significant association was observed between low-income households and iron deficiency anemia, with a prevalence of 25.2%. Conclusion: Iron deficiency anemia occurs in a notable proportion of children with febrile seizures. Socioeconomic factors, specifically low-income households, were associated with a higher prevalence of iron deficiency anemia. Early detection and intervention for iron deficiency anemia in children with febrile seizures may help reduce the risk of seizure recurrence and associated complications. Public health strategies targeting low-income households can play a crucial role in improving iron status and preventing iron deficiency anemia in this population.


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