Nutritional and Medicinal Importance of Sonchus asper (L.) Hill Plant-A Review
Keywords:Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant potential, Asteraceae, Pharmacological, Photochemical, Traditional medicine
Medicinal plants have long been used in both raw and refined form, to cure various pathological infections associated with human health. Sonchus asper (L.) Hill belongs to the Asteraceae family, which contains "1600 to 1700" genera. This herb is most abundant in Pakistan (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhunkhwa, Punjab, and Azad Jammu and Kashmir). The plant is medicinally used as it contains important chemical components such as alkaloids, flavonoids, quinones, phenols, terpenoids, saponins, tannins, and glycosides which have antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. The plant contains various minerals including calcium, manganese, copper, iron, zinc, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, and nitrogen. Several nutritious compounds such as omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin C are also identified. The plant is used to treat a variety of human diseases mainly liver, kidney, bronchitis, asthma, cough, burns, wounds, heart dysfunction, diabetes, inflammation, gastrointestinal infection, cancer, and jaundice.
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