Bacteriological Study of Coliform Bacteria in Tap Water from Different Areas of Quetta District and its Comparison with Bottled Water
PDF

Keywords

Water
E. coli
Klebsiella
Citrobcter
Enterobacter

How to Cite

Ayesha Masood, Zafar Ahmed, Saad Ullah Jan, Mohammad Kamran Taj, Imran Taj, & Abbas, F. (2020). Bacteriological Study of Coliform Bacteria in Tap Water from Different Areas of Quetta District and its Comparison with Bottled Water. Pak-Euro Journal of Medical and Life Sciences, 3(3), 105-112. https://doi.org/10.31580/pjmls.v3i3.1498

Abstract

Quetta is a capital city of Balochistan province with a population of 2.9 million. Clean water is basic need of human population. Present study was conducted to access the quality of water in targeted areas of Quetta. A total of 160 samples were collected randomly from four zones (North, South, East and West) of this city from October, 2015 to September, 2016. Lauryl Tryptose Agar was used to detect Coli form bacteria in tap water and bottle water. Among total 160 samples processed in current study, Coliform positive were (n=89) while coliform negative were (n=71). On other hand Tap water compared to bottled water was free of coliform.

https://doi.org/10.31580/pjmls.v3i3.1498
PDF

References

[1] Bordner, R., J Winter and P Scarpino, 1978. Microbiological methods for monitoring the environment (EPA-600/8-78-017). Environmental Research Information Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.
[2] Cutler, D., & Miller, G. (2005). The role of public health improvements in health advances: the twentieth-century United States. Demography, 42(1), 1-22.
[3]
[4] Dufour AP, 2003. Assessing microbial safety of drinking water: Improving approaches and methods, International Water Assn.
[5] Cutler D, and G Miller, 2005 .The role of public health improvements in health advances: The twentieth-century United States. Demography 42: 1–22.
[6] Dufour A P, V J Cabelli, 1974. Membrane Filter Procedure for Enumerating the Component Genera of the Coliform Group in Seawater: Applied Microbiology, 29: 826-833.
[7] Arnold BF, and JM Colford, 2007. Treating water with chlorine at point-of-use to improve water quality and reduce child diarrhea in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 76: 354.
[8] Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste water (1975). American Public Health Association, Washington.
[9] Evans, T. M., C. E Waarvick, R. J Seidler, and M. W Lechervallier, 1981. Failure of the most-probable-number technique to detect coliforms in drinking water and raw supplies. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 41:130-138.
[10] Holdeman, L. V., E. P. Cato, and W.E.C. Moore. 1977. Anaerobe laboratory manual, 4th edition, Virginia Polytechnique Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va.
[11] Heringa M, M.B Van der kooi, P. de Voogt, A.P Van Wezel, 2010. Toxicological relevance of emerging contaminants for drinking water quality: Water Research, 44:461-476.
[12] World Health organization and United Nations children’s fund. Progress on sanitation and drinking water (2010). World health organization, Geneva. Switzerland.
[13] Whitlock J, D Jones, J Harwood, 2002. Identification of the sources of faecal coliforms in an urban watershed using antibiotic resistance analysis. Water Res 36: 4273-4282.
[14] Siewick T, T Pullaro, W Pan, S McDaniels, R Glenn, J Stewart, 2007. Models of total and presumed wildlife sources of faecal coliform bacteria in coastal ponds. J. Environ. Man. 82: 120- 132.
[15] Beck-Sague C, E Villarino, D Giuliano, 1994. Infectious diseases and death among nursing home residents: results of surveillance in 13 nursing homes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 15:494.
[16] Kanwal, S., Taj, K, M., Saddozai, S., Taj, I., Abbas, F., Ahmed, Z., Samad, A., Sheikh, S, I., Mustafa, M, Z., Samreen, Z., & Hassani, M, T., 2015. Water pollution in Balochistan Province of Pakistan. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2(6), 89-90.
[17] Omoniyi BB, Abu Z.,( 2012). The economic analysis of the profitability of small-scale pure water production in Nigeria (a case study of Jabu packaged water factory) Afro Asian J Soc Sci. 3:1–24.
[18] Mukherjee, K. L. (1992). “Clinical Laboratory Technology”. Tata Mcgraw Hill publisher. 634-645.
[19] Reynolds KA, K.D Mena, Gerba CP, 2008. Risk of waterborne illness via drinking water in the United States. Review of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 192:117-158.
[20] Babatunde MA, Biala MI., (2010). Externality Effects of Sachet Water Consumption and the Choice of Policy Instruments in Nigeria: Evidence from Kwara State. J Economics. 1(2):113–131.
[21] Martins CHG., (2011). Microbiological monitoring of mineral water commercialized in Brazil. Braz J Microbiol.4255–559.
[22] Reynolds KA., (2005). The microbial quality and safety of bottled water. Water Cond Purif: 47:39–40.
[23]Cutler, D., & Miller, G. (2005). The role of public health improvements in health advances: the twentieth-century United States. Demography, 42(1), 1-22.
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.