Main Article Content
China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a ‘flagship Project’ of China’s wide-ranging and most advanced scheme of development initiated under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The project ranges from investment to infrastructure development in various sectors with an investment of $62 billion in Pakistan. However, the existential fact is that this project is not only restricted to economic growth and trade linkages. It has more strategic dimensions and arguably a strategic instrument in the hand of the Chinese to exponentially increase its influence from the South China Sea to the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. It is, undoubtedly, rapidly changing the regional apparatus in general and South Asia in Particular. This change on one side is creating space for multiple opportunities not only for Pakistan but at the same time offering bounties to regional countries, but on the other hand security threats and asymmetrical propaganda is on the rise against the CPEC. The most significant aspect which is being neglected in this scenario is the ever-increasing activities of non-state actors which are operating surreptitiously in Pakistan as well as its neighborhood. The presence of ISIS, Baloch insurgency, and TTP are a potential threat and their close nexus and support from inside and outside the country have substantially been proofed. Thus, the current research is divided into two parts. The first part argues that the CPEC project is no doubt a security-oriented, geopolitically, and strategically driven endeavor but predominantly linked with economic growth and regional connectivity. The second part deals with the potential threats to the CPEC posed by the national and transnational non-state actors.
Abid, M and Ayesha Ashfaq. (2015). CPEC: Challenges and Opportunities for Pakistan. Pakistan Vision 56(1), 181.
Ahmed, A. (2019). Security Risks Associated with CPEC Supply Chain. Daily Times.
Ahmar, M. (2015). Strategic Meaning of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Journal of Strategic Studies, 2015.
Ali, A. (2019). End of the Afghan Conflict: Pakistan’s Hopes and Fears. https://southasianvoices.org/end-of-the-afghan-conflict-pakistans-hopes-and-fears (accessed May 22, 2019).
Amir, A. (2018). Is India Supporting Baloch Insurgents to Sabotage the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor? https://www.chinausfocus.com/peace-security/is-india-supporting-baloch-insurgents-to-sabotage-the-china-pakistan-economic-corridor (accessed on May 23, 2019).
Amir, Adnan. (2018). ISIS Threatens China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. (Accessed 22 May 2019).
Asif, M. (2018). China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: Security Concern and Role of Gwadar Port Prospect for Regional Integration. International Journal of research, 5(20), 1464-1476. Hashim, Asad. Deadly bomb attack targets policemen in Pakistan's Quetta. Aljazeera, May 14, 2019.
CSIS. Islamic State Khorasan (IS-K). 2018.
International Crisis Group. (2018). China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: Opportunities and Risks. International Crisis Group.
Jaleel, S., & Bibi, N. (2017). Baloch Insurgency and its impact on CPEC. University Library of Munich, Germany.
Kiran, A. (2009). Indian Quest for Strategic Ingress in Afghanistan and its Implications for Pakistan. ISSRA Papers 26, no. 4: 167
Mahmood, S. (2019). Why Is China Vulnerable to Terrorism in Pakistan? The diplomat.
Masood, Yasir. (2019). Afghanistan: Potentials for BRI and CPEC. The Nation (accessed on May 2019).
Munir, Kishwar. (2018). CPEC’s Threat Matrix. http://pakistanpolitico.com/cpecs-threat-matrix/ (accessed May 22, 2019).
Noutezai, M. A. 2019. Can Pakistan Protect CPEC. The Diplomat. (accessed on 14 May 2019).
Pundit, R. (2018). India expresses strong opposition to China Pakistan Economic Corridor, says challenges Indian sovereignty. The Economic Times.
Sial, S. (2014). The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: an assessment of potential threats and constraints. Conflict and Peace Studies 23(3), 141.
Sufouglu, M. (2018). Who are the BLA and why did they attack a Chinese consulate in Pakistan. TRT WORLD.