Determine the Influence of Social Demography and Access to Information on Giving Consent of Medical Action Toward an Understanding of Informed Consent in Public Hospital With Class C at Pekanbaru.
Informed consent is approval of medical action which is given by the patient or his immediate family after obtaining a complete explanation about medical or dentist action that will be performed on that patient. This study aims to determine the influence of social demography and access to information on giving consent of medical action toward an understanding of informed consent in Public hospital with class C at Pekanbaru. This study employs quantitative method with cross sectional analytic design. The population in this study were all Patient or Families of patient who had received medical treatments in inpatient room for three days before the return of patient as much 267 respondent where the total sample of this research are 194 respondents. The sampling technique is Proportional Random Sampling. Data analysis was carried out in three stages: univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. Based on the result of study found that there was a significant relationship between Education variable (p value 0.007 POR 2,368), work variable (p value 0.042 POR 1,937), age (p value 0.017 POR 2,158), Completeness Information (p value 0.001 POR 2,857), Language Delivery (p value 0.002 POR 2,871) with an understanding of the approval of medical action. Based on the results of multivariate test, it was found that education, completeness of information and language of delivery were the most influential factors.The submission of information must be adjusted to the characteristics of consent provider, especially those related to education, completeness of information and language delivery, so that, if things happen that are not desirable after surgery, the patient or family is expected to receive it because before the surgery is done, the doctor has given an explanation to the patient.
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