The Effect of Illegal Migrant Workers on the Economic Development of Malaysia

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Ashikul Hoque
Mohammad Waliul Hasanat
Farzana Afrin Shikha
Baishaki Islam Mou
Abu Bakar Abdul Hamid


Malaysia over the years has shown huge development by eradicating a huge level of poverty and channelizing its resources in a good way. Immigrants have played a very positive role in this economic development. The main purpose of this research is to visualize the contribution of illegal migrant workers in the Malaysian economy.  

The primary and secondary research methods are being used in this research paper to analyses the situation more broadly. The survey technique and the government's reports are used to collect data.

The results have shown that unemployment around the globe is the main reason for the illegal migration of the workers. The statistics said that about 2.1 million immigrants are being registered, whereas, about 1 million are undocumented individuals. The studies have shown that these low –skilled workers can contribute to the economy and GDP of Malaysia by 1.1%. This will ultimately help the Malaysians to increase their wage rate and create a large amount of employment in the country.

The analysis has also showcased that Malaysia has a higher gross national income per capita than Indonesia.  Some individuals come with proper visas while some come through illegal means. Maximum cases are being reported about the workers who migrate to Malaysia on illegal grounds.

 Malaysian people have remarkably gained a great deal of education in the past few years. So for the primary source of laborers, these Illegal migrants are being used with lower skills. This study will help to analyze how much the economic development of Malaysia is dependent on illegal migrant workers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hoque, A., Mohammad Waliul Hasanat, Farzana Afrin Shikha, Baishaki Islam Mou, & Abu Bakar Abdul Hamid. (2020). The Effect of Illegal Migrant Workers on the Economic Development of Malaysia. Journal of Economic Info, 7(2), 85–93.


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