Journal of Economic Info <p><strong>Journal of Economic Info (JEI)&nbsp;</strong>provide an interdisciplinary and international forum<strong>&nbsp;</strong>that aims to publish peer-reviewed policy-oriented research about the economics related social issues i.e., economics production, economics distribution and use of information, including these subjects: the economics of the telecommunications, mass media, and other information industries, the economics of innovation and intellectual property, the role of information in economic development, and the role of information and information technology in the functioning of markets.</p> Readers Insight Publisher en-US Journal of Economic Info 2313-3376 A Servqual and Quality Function Deployment (QFD) Approach in Measuring Total Quality Management at Private Universities in Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia <p>In free trade era, particularly in AEC leading to the education institution should prepare to compete freely in generating graduates who are able to compete in ASEAN’s labour market. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to determine the service quality of private universities in Pekanbaru, Riau, based on student’s perspective using SERVQUAL and Quality Function Deployment (QFD) approaches. Sampling method employed in this reserach was random sampling technique in four (4) private universities in Pekanbaru. Data was analysed using SERVQUAL gap analysis and QFD. The result shows that there were four (4) customer requirements which will be the priority to be handled by the universities, there are 1. Inquiries, requests and claims of students are handled and resolved timely and promptly, 2. Readiness of academic staffs to serve students and can be contacted easily, 3. Academic staff pays special attention and provides help to students in resolving their problems, 4. Teaching materials are available and up-to-date. From the QFD Matrix, the most technical priority needs to be improved by the universities is Academic staff’s training and development.</p> Zulfadli Hamzah Astri Ayu Purwati Muhammad Luthfi Hamzah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 6 1 1 4 10.31580/jei.v6i1.487 Mapping of Patient Distribution in ICU Room of Regional General Hospital of Meranti Islands in 2018 <p>Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer-based information system used to process and strore geographic data or information. One of the health services in a hospital is Intensive Care Unit (ICU). One of the decision making in RSUD of Meranti Islands Municipality is based on the hospital activity report. The purpose was to map the patient distribution by using geographic information system application to prodce reporting using a map. The type of this research was qualitative descriptive. The research results based on the ICU patient distribution showed that the highest patient visit based on the sub-district is from Tebing Tinggi. Based on the gender, the most frequently treated patient is male. In the age category, the highest patient visit is elderly of 44 people, and the lowest children age group of 3 people. Based on the distribution, it can be concluded that the procedure of BPJS patient is appropriate and has similar procedure with general patient and SKTM patient. The suggestion includes creating patient distribution mapping based on the diesases to allow us to see the general patient distribution in ICU, which should be provided with excellent services, so that the patients satisfied with the services provided.</p> Wen Via Trisna Ulil Kholili ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 6 1 5 8 10.31580/jei.v6i1.486 Thematic Map Making of the Distribution of Medical Record and Health Information Professional Based on Geographic Information System (GIS) in Riau Province Health Facilities in 2017. <p>The thematic map making with the assistance of geographic information system for the distribution of Medical Records and Health Information (PMIK) is the most effective and efficient way in analyzing and visualizing the data and information in order to make it easier for the local government to present more interesting and informative information. This is because the data presented is in the form of map, thus making it easier to be read and understood by the local government in taking decision for fulfilling the lack of PMIK in each health service facility in the district or city of Riau Province. The purpose of this study is to present informative and interactive health information which is in accordance with the data obtained by the assistance of geographic information system. The research method used in descriptive with 197 PMIK of Riau Province as the sample. The data analysis used in this research is spatial classification analysis (reclassify). From the research result, it was known that the distribution of Medical Records and Health Information Professional (PMIK) based on the working area location of 12 districts/cities of Riau Province is as many as 294 people distributed uneven since most of the Medical Records and Health Information Professional (PMIK) is in Pekanbaru City which is 176 people. Meanwhile, the least distribution of Medical Records and Health Information Professional (PMIK) in in Meranti Island District which is 0 person. This is because Meranti Island does not belong to Riau Province but Riau Islands. The distribution of medical record and health information professionals in health facilities based on district/city service Institutions is 294 of Medical Record and health information professionals with Pekanbaru City has the highest distribution of 176 people working in both private and public health centers/ hospitals in Pekanbaru. Meanwhile, the lowest distribution of the service Institutions is in Siak District, Rokan Hilir District which is 4 people. The distribution of Medical Record and Health Information Professional in Riau Province health facilities based on data from PORMIKI DPD membership in Riau Province is 338 people distributed throughout Riau Province and Riau Islands. The distribution of Medical record and health information according to STR management, which is a permit for a health professional to be able to apply for a job according to the number of Riau PORMIKI membership management is 338 people.</p> Hariani Octaria Sy. Effi Daniati Nur Maimun Zulhendry Zulhendry ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 6 1 9 12 10.31580/jei.v6i1.485 Determine the Influence of Social Demography and Access to Information on Giving Consent of Medical Action Toward an Understanding of Informed Consent in Public Hospital With Class C at Pekanbaru. <p>Informed consent is approval of medical action which is given by the patient or his immediate family after obtaining a complete explanation about medical or dentist action that will be performed on that patient. This study aims to determine the influence of social demography and access to information on giving consent of medical action toward an understanding of informed consent in Public hospital with class C at Pekanbaru. This study employs quantitative method with cross sectional analytic design. The population in this study were all Patient or Families of patient who had received medical treatments in inpatient room for three days before the return of patient as much 267 respondent where the total sample of this research are 194 respondents. The sampling technique is Proportional Random Sampling. Data analysis was carried out in three stages: univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. Based on the result of study found that there was a significant relationship between Education variable&nbsp; (p value 0.007 POR 2,368), work variable (p value 0.042 POR 1,937), age (p value 0.017 POR 2,158), Completeness Information (p value 0.001 POR 2,857), Language Delivery (p value 0.002 POR 2,871) with an understanding of the approval of medical action. Based on the results of multivariate test, it was found that education, completeness of information and language of delivery were the most influential factors.The submission of information must be adjusted to the characteristics of consent provider, especially those related to education, completeness of information and language delivery, so that, if things happen that are not desirable after surgery, the patient or family is expected to receive it because before the surgery is done, the doctor has given an explanation to the patient.</p> Tri Purnama sari Doni Jepisah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 6 1 13 18 10.31580/jei.v6i1.484 Clean Energy Policy, Planning and Management: Gearing up the Rapid Economic Growth and Sustainable Development in Nepal <p>Sustainability agenda has been gaining extensive concentration as one of the major development paradigm in modern era. Rapid economic growth, social development, sustainability and poverty reduction have been considered as crucial discourse under that paradigm. With the world-wide wave of economic development and improved traditional living standard of people, consumption of fuel has also increased significantly. Exponential growth in use of fossil fuel and its impacts compelled to search for alternative energy sources. Green energy is that source of energy that is naturally restocked. Nepal is rich enough country for renewable energy sources even though, could not accelerate growth and development agenda.&nbsp; Appropriate policy, planning, and management of green energy would help to give a big push to break development hazards and would contribute for takeoff for sustainable development and poverty reduction strategies.&nbsp; This paper attempts how green energy policy, planning and management would contribute for gearing up for sustainable development and poverty reduction in Nepal. It is an endeavor to scrutinize and understand the green energy utilization, proper management and exploring the capacity of the Nepalese economy. Findings of the study conclude that, instead of fossil energy, renewable energy utilization contributes for transferring poor livelihood and its sustainability.</p> Chet Narayan Acharya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 6 1 19 25 10.31580/jei.v6i1.483 An Investigation of the Level of Compliance with Financial Reporting Standards (FRS 101) by Malaysian SMEs <p>Purpose</p> <p>This study aims to investigate the association between five firm-specific characteristics and the level of mandatory compliance with Financial Reporting Standards (FRS 101), which is equivalent to International Accounting Standards (IAS) 1 by Malaysian SMEs.</p> <p>Design/Methodology/Approach</p> <p>A disclosure index is used to measure the extent of compliance with FRS 101. Each of the 105 sampled firms' annual reports were examined against the index for the financial year ending December 31, 2013.</p> <p>Findings</p> <p>The results reveal an overall compliance of 96 per cent. Regression results report that only firm size and profitability have a positive and negative significant association, respectively, with FRS 101 disclosure requirements.</p> <p>Practical Implications</p> <p>This study should be particularly relevant to regulatory bodies in Malaysia for strategizing and encouraging compliance with FRS 101 by non-listed firms.</p> <p>Originality/Value</p> <p>Additionally, the study contributes to financial reporting literature relating to a developing country, Malaysia. Since SMEs in Malaysia contribute significantly to the economic development in the country, it is interesting to examine how they present their financial statements to interested parties and the degree of their compliance with Financial Reporting Standards as required by the relevant authorities</p> Azhar Abdul Rahman Mohd Diah Hamdan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-19 2019-02-19 6 1 26 33 10.31580/jei.v6i1.496 Saving Potential of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): Implication for China and Japan <p class="s4">ASEAN community and six ASEAN FTA partners' leaders have engaged in strengthening economic development within the region by establishing RCEP. ASEAN had signed trade agreements with all the other six FTA partners. The other six ASEAN trading partners within RCEP have no free trade agreements yet among them. Therefore, the RCEP is involved in tough negotiation among the six non-ASEAN member countries. RCEP commitment is established through ASEAN as a catalyst. This study will examine the total saving potential of free trade agreement by using ex-ante FTA analysis and the political implication of RCEP for non-ASEAN member countries, especially Japan and China. The impact of RCEP will be insignificant without China and Japan existence. These two countries are essential to be maintained in the RCEP initiatives. The six non-ASEAN members in RCEP are finding ways to exploit the balance benefit among them. China-Japan relations will be embedded in the RCEP association if RCEP is concluded. From an economic perspective, Japan and China seem to have strong economic interdependence. From a political perspective, both countries have long history relations, distrust, and mistrust. Therefore, economic interdependence could be the way forward for both countries to have a harmonious relationship.&nbsp;Japan and China need ASEAN and other RCEP members to tighten the economic and political relations among them.</p> Ranti Yulia Wardani Nawalage S. Cooray ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-23 2019-02-23 6 1 34 42 10.31580/jei.v6i1.122 The Executive, Legislature and the Judiciary: Toward Democratic Governance in Nigeria Since 1914 <p>The paper examined governance in Nigeria since 1914, and look at how the executive, legislatures, and the judiciary operate in the country, indeed, the three arms of government are believing to operate as a watchdog to each other. This study is qualitative, the researcher obtained all the relevant and related data from the documented material, the research designed for this paper is a case study approach, it also helps in providing an in-depth understanding of a case where the researcher digs deeply into a phenomenon in obtaining the related literature. To support the paper the researcher adopted pluralism theory to explain the write-up. The postulation of the theory is to examine political actions in modern democratic states. The study found that the northern and the southern region were amalgamated by the British administration for their personal and economic gain, without considering the complex nature heterogeneity nature of the nation. This has created several problems across the nation. Therefore, the study recommended that for peaceful democratic governance all the three arms of government shall have autonomous power to discharge their constitutional responsibilities. No, any arm shall exercise the powers of the other. Again, for Nigeria to live in peace and harmony, and to attain national and economic development there is a need to accept the principle of unity of purpose.</p> MUSTAPHA ALHAJI ALI Yakaka Abubakar, mrs Halima Ali, Mrs ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-23 2019-02-23 6 1 43 48 10.31580/jei.v6i1.467 Learning Capability and the Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Developing Economies: The Role of Absorptive Capacity <p>How to develop and enhance the effectiveness of external flow of knowledge and information to improve invention and performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) has becomes crucial to both researchers and managers. This study was designed to purposely examine empirically the influence of the absorptive capacity on the relationship of organizational learning capability and SMEs performance. A total of 206 valid questionnaires obtained from personal administration of the survey instrument on SMEs manager in Kano state Nigeria. <em>Partial Least Square Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM).</em> The result of the study indicates that learning capability significantly and positively relates to SMEs firms performance, equally learning capability positively relates with absorptive capacity. The study further established significant positive relationship between absorptive capacity and SMEs performance. Similarly, absorptive capacity mediates the relationship between learning capability and SMEs performance. The study conclude that experimentation, risk taking, external interaction, dialogue and participatory decision making influences SMEs knowledge acquisition, assimilation, transformation and application for better performance.</p> YAKUBU SALISU Sani Mohammed, Mr ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-23 2019-02-23 6 1 49 55 10.31580/jei.v6i1.468 The Measuring Economic Cost of Corruption: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan <p><strong>Purpose-</strong> In this study economic cost of corruption in Pakistan has been measured. Pakistan has been facing the problem of corruption since its independency. According to transparency international United states of America Pakistan has been ranked 117 countries out of 180 in world in 2017.</p> <p><strong>Method/Design-</strong> Secondary data has been collected from various sources such as Asian development bank and various issues of economic survey of Pakistan. In this study independent variable such as export, inflation and foreign borrowing impact on dependent variable corruption perception index has been this analysis OLS regression technique was applied in e-view 7.</p> <p><strong>Findings-</strong> Foreign borrowing and export annual change is found to have significant impact on corruption but there is no significant impact of inflation on corruption perception index. Based on finding it is recommended that policy makers should develop effective policies in order to reduce the impact of corruption on economy.</p> Ikram Uddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-23 2019-02-23 6 1 56 59 10.31580/jei.v6i1.471