This study aims to investigate the association between five firm-specific characteristics and the level of mandatory compliance with Financial Reporting Standards (FRS 101), which is equivalent to International Accounting Standards (IAS) 1 by Malaysian SMEs.
A disclosure index is used to measure the extent of compliance with FRS 101. Each of the 105 sampled firms' annual reports were examined against the index for the financial year ending December 31, 2013.
The results reveal an overall compliance of 96 per cent. Regression results report that only firm size and profitability have a positive and negative significant association, respectively, with FRS 101 disclosure requirements.
This study should be particularly relevant to regulatory bodies in Malaysia for strategizing and encouraging compliance with FRS 101 by non-listed firms.
Additionally, the study contributes to financial reporting literature relating to a developing country, Malaysia. Since SMEs in Malaysia contribute significantly to the economic development in the country, it is interesting to examine how they present their financial statements to interested parties and the degree of their compliance with Financial Reporting Standards as required by the relevant authorities
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