Asia Proceedings of Social Sciences 2018-12-04T04:21:57+00:00 Muhammad Imran Qureshi Open Journal Systems <p>Social Science Proceedings provides a&nbsp;versatile&nbsp;tool tailored to your conference publishing requirements. Publishing your proceedings on SSP is&nbsp;very affordable&nbsp;and accessible by the readership is&nbsp;open&nbsp;without registration or charge. SSP is run by the Connecting Asia Research Network for the scientific community. Moreover, the online publication process is&nbsp;fast&nbsp;thanks to the software system that runs the entire editorial procedure. Conference organizers are thus provided with a very convenient, web-based tool for running the publication of the proceedings.</p> Semiotic Approach in Evaluating Traditional Madrasa Design as Communal Development Centre 2018-12-03T03:30:04+00:00 Alice Sabrina Ismail Fadhlina Ahmad@Taufik, Dr Nurul Syaheera Abdul Aziz <h3><em>Madrasa is an established religious center that serves as a place for Islamic education and catalyst for communal development. Current madrasas however, do not exhibit contemporary and locally-minded design features in reference to the regional aspects such as the local social cultural context. The madrasa is built as a separate entity from the local communal context. The objective of this paper is to study on two traditional madrasas that uses different approaches in architectural design as an educational institution as well as a communal center for the Islamic society using semiotic approach.&nbsp; Findings indicate that factors like location and placement, size and scale, facade and structure, access and circulation as well as hierarchy and spatial function contributed to the development of madrasa as a sustainable communal center. The establishment of these referential design guidelines are of benefit to future designers, builders, developer and related authority to build a better sustainable communal madrasa type in the future.</em></h3> 2018-12-03T02:54:06+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Leadership practices for Professional assistance of teachers in secondary schools 2018-12-03T03:30:04+00:00 Fakhra Aziz Uzma Quraishi Moafia Nader <p>The present study aimed to explore the leadership practices for&nbsp; professional assistance of secondary school teachers.It was assumed that leadership active role in various types of&nbsp; teachers’ professional assistance can enhance their job performance which in turn promotes quality in teaching and learning process. The study reports &nbsp;that school heads play a significant role in teachers’ professional assistance but it was limited to instructional &nbsp;and professional areas only. &nbsp;Teachers’ emotional side also required active and effective leadership practices of professional assistance for quality performance. Further School heads in public sector&nbsp; facilitate their teachers more as compare to those in private sector. Similarly experienced teachers reports more support from their heads as compare to newly inducted teaches. Gender differences in professional assistance of&nbsp; experienced and newly inducted teachers were &nbsp;also found.Female newly inducted teachers receive more facilitation from their heads&nbsp; as compare to male . Same case is reported for professional assistance of experienced teachers.&nbsp; &nbsp;The present study suggests a need based training&nbsp; program for school leadership to adopt innovative strategies for assistance of their teachers alongwith sound measures taken by the government</p> 2018-12-03T02:52:35+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## What do Students Think about PowerPoint? A Study of Attitudes 2018-12-03T03:30:05+00:00 Adolf Richardo Bagus Setiadi <p><strong>Research Highlights</strong></p> <p>Results of the study indicated that the students showed positive attitudes towards Microsoft PowerPoint’s influence on their learning in English classroom and also their English instructors’ performance in the classroom. Also, no significant difference found between male and female students in terms of their attitude towards both aspects.</p> <p>___________________________________________________________________________</p> <p><strong>Research Objectives</strong></p> <p>The aim of this research is to find out the attitudes of Indonesian university students towards Microsoft PowerPoint’s influence on their learning in English classroom and their instructors’ performance in English classroom. The difference between male and female students on that degree will also be observed.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong></p> <p>The method used to gather the data used in the research was the survey method. The questionnaire used was a modified version of the questionnaire used in Yilmazel-Sahin’s (2007) research. The participants of the research were students of Universitas Satya Negara Indonesia. After the data was gathered, it was then analysed using descriptive statistics (to find the students’ attitudes) and Mann-Whitney U test (to determine whether statistically significant differences existed between the two groups). This type of test was chosen due to its ability to determine differences between two groups (Nachar, 2008). To avoid the Type I error in the Mann-Whitney U test, Bonferroni correction was applied (Napierala, 2012).</p> <p><strong>Results</strong></p> <p>The results of the data analysis showed that the students showed positive attitudes towards Microsoft PowerPoint’s influence on their learning in English. They <em>moderately agreed</em> that PowerPoint gives positive influence on their learning. The results were consistent with results from previous research (Yilmazel-Sahin, 2007), which showed that students generally had positive attitudes regarding PowerPoint’s influence on their learning. Another result showed was that students showed positive attitudes towards Microsoft PowerPoint’s influence on <em>moderately agreed</em> that PowerPoint helped their English instructors become better prepared and more organised, while they <em>mostly agreed</em> that PowerPoint helped increase the variation in the material delivered by their instructors. The results match the results from Yilmazel-Sahin’s (2007) and Nouri and Shahid’s (2005) research.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The results of Mann-Whitney U test showed that there was no significant difference between male and female students in terms of their attitudes towards Microsoft PowerPoint’s influence on both their learning in English classroom and their instructors’ performance in English classroom. This matches the results of research conducted by Kahraman, Çevik and Kodan (2011) which showed no significant difference between male and female participants regarding their attitudes towards PowerPoint usage in classes.</p> <p><strong>Findings</strong></p> <p>Students showed positive attitudes towards Microsoft PowerPoint’s influence on both their learning in the English classroom and their instructors’ performance in English classroom. No significant difference observed between male and female in terms of their attitudes towards both aspects.&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-03T02:53:11+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Iconic Note as Principle of Motivation in Tonni Morrison's Sula 2018-12-03T03:30:05+00:00 Mehdi Abbass Mohsin Mohammad Muzhafar Bin Idrus <p>The current study proposes to give an insight about iconic note as a concept of motivation in literary language applied on one of the prominent novels in African- American literature which is Morrison's <em>Sula</em>. Iconic property is considered as one of the prominent principles in motivation of language in which there is a similarity between form and concept. The&nbsp; study of the iconic note in literary works has become significant after the emergence of modernist in arts and literature whereas prior to that, Iconic note as a source of motivation was considered as&nbsp; salient characteristic of primitive language and poetic language only. The problem of the study will explain how Morrison's text constructed to decline from the concept of arbitrariness and to meet the concept of motivation. By achieving the objective of the research, the study will focus on two important tropes which are metaphor and metonymy&nbsp; and how they co-occur in literary text to serve as ingredients of iconic perspective of motivated language.</p> 2018-12-03T02:51:33+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Intra-Party Conflict and the Future of Nigerian Democracy: Examining the All Progressives Congress (APC) 2018-12-04T04:21:57+00:00 AMINU YAHAYA MUHAMMAD <p>This study is an analysis of the nature and pattern of intra-party conflict in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic with specific reference to the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC). Intra-party conflict has been the norm in Nigerian politics leading to crises, setback and failure of many parties to forge ahead for proper democratisation in Nigeria including the ruling parties in many instances. The problem is the way in which intra-party conflict is becoming the bane of democratisation and good governance in Nigeria for many decades and despite the previous experiences, the phenomenon continued unabated. The study investigated the new dimension of intra-party conflict in Nigeria taking the All Progressives Congress as the case study. The study used a qualitative method of data collection and analysis. Primary and secondary sources of data were used. The primary data involved an in-depth interview with some selected informants from the relevant institutions and agencies related to the APC and the crises such as the national party executives, senior officials of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and academicians that are experts in the area of study. The secondary sources include books, journals, newspapers, internets and other documented materials. The data obtained were discussed using content analysis where thematic analytical interpretations were used in the discussions. The research discovered that, the intra-party conflict under the APC has taken a new dimension where the members of the ruling party constituted an opposition and a stumbling block for the party’s progress and governance. The work recommends that intra-party conflict of APC and other Nigerian political parties can be resolved through constitutional reforms, institutionalisation of party ideology and principles and strict sanctions from the national leaders of the party.</p> 2018-12-04T04:21:57+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Practice of Instructional Leadership among Headmasters in The Southern Region of Malaysia 2018-12-04T04:21:29+00:00 Roslizam Hassan Jamilah Ahmad Yusof Boon <p>This study aims to identify the level of instructional leadership practice among headmasters in three states in the Southern Region of Malaysia which are&nbsp; Negeri Sembilan, Melaka and Johor. This quantitative research uses survey research design by using instructional leadership questionnaire (ILQ). The alpha Cronbach value of the pilot study for this questionnaire is .962. 390 teachers were involved in this study and they were chosen through cluster sampling from simple random samples. Statistical analysis for this research had used the software IBM SPSS Statistics version 22. This research found that the headmasters in the Southern Region of Malaysia are practicing instructional leadership at medium high level, in which all three dimensions recorded the mean score value between 3.796 to 3.965. To conclude, instructional leadership has been practiced in the Southern Region schools in driving the school towards achieving the targeted vision and mission.</p> 2018-12-04T04:21:28+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Fears, Anxieties, Speculations and Hope Amidst Uncertainties: Nigerian 2019 General Election in Periscope 2018-12-04T04:21:01+00:00 Babayo Sule <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-bidi; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-bidi; mso-bidi-theme-font: major-bidi;">General elections in Nigeria are often controversial and are perceived as elections with challenges and issues of legitimacy because of irregularities and malpractices that bedevilled the process of the elections’ conduct. The 2019 General Election is anticipated to be an election of greater interest and challenges accruing to the permutation of many factors that are manifesting currently within the political arena of Nigerian politics. This paper is a succinct examination of the predictive analysis of the prospects and the challenges that the 2019 General Election might produce. The problem is that despite the significant improvement recorded in the 201<a name="_Hlk517165530"></a>5 General Election, there are still challenges that are yet to be addressed in the electoral process. The paper is a descriptive and analytical work which relies on the use of secondary data such as books, journals and internet sources for data collection. The data collected was analysed using thematic analytical interpretations. The paper discovered that the 2019 General Election would be less challenging than the immediately previous one due to a weak opposition but some of the hitches that were encountered before might likely reoccur particularly the efficiency of the card readers and the violation of electoral regulations in addition to money politics. The paper recommends that the electoral body should re-strategised in making the smart card readers effective and the body needs to be vigilant in monitoring parties’ and candidates’ financial activities right from now in order to ensure compliance, transparency and a fair election.&nbsp;</span></p> 2018-12-04T04:21:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Parents’ Perceptions on Social Skills Functioning of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Preliminary Study 2018-12-04T04:20:32+00:00 Joanna Hie Ping Ting Kee Jiar Yeo <p>Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is defined as a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social communication, social interaction and sensory sensitivities. Social skills are one of the common deficits displayed by children with ASD. However, the level of impairment exerted by children with ASD relies on the disorder severity. Social skills are critical to successful social-emotional, communication and cognitive development. Specific social skills deficits include difficulties in initiating interactions, maintaining social reciprocity, sharing attention, taking another person’s perspective, and inferring the interests of others. In this study, social skills consist of social awareness, social cognition, social communication, social motivation and autism mannerism. This study aimed to uncover the conceptualization of social skills from the parents’ perspective, thus providing an indication of education on the topic of ASD.</p> 2018-12-04T04:20:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Motor Cycle Tune-Up Learning Material Based on Industrial Competency for Vocational High School 2018-12-04T04:19:58+00:00 suryo hartanto Handoko Handoko Zaenal Arifin Asrul Huda Ratih Fordiana Nispida Yeni <p>The research proposed, based on competency industry party needs the learning material of 4-stroke motorcycle tune-up. It requires 65 topics/ subtopics of materials of 4-stroke motorcycle tune-up in motorcycle engineering department of vocational high school need to be adjusted to meet the standard requirements of industrial competency.</p> 2018-12-04T04:19:57+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## How Does Politics Affect Higher Education In Pakistan 2018-12-04T04:19:27+00:00 Naveed Sultana <p>Today, universities are highly politicized mostly in all matters (Karim, 2007). The effects of political parties and their leaders spoil the strong educational system. Political interference ignores talented people and supports their political supporters. It’s impossible to separate politics from education in Pakistan. The education system of Pakistan is headed by a minister of education who is a politician, not an educator. The educational policies of the whole education system are overwhelmingly impacted by political policies and practices the ruling party. Accordingly the existing study was intended to reveal the affects of politics on higher education in Pakistan. Therefore this study concluded that politics is a major factor which influences and does sometime very immoral things. Moreover, these political leaders make a lot of corruption in education, especially in Higher Education. From educational budgetary allocation to spending on it, all​ is under control of politics.</p> 2018-12-04T04:19:26+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dominant Leadership of School Principals in the Implementation of Curriculum 2013 in Religious Based School Indonesia 2018-12-04T04:18:56+00:00 Juharyanto Juharyanto Imron Arifin Ibrahim Bafadal Ahmad Yusuf Sobri Ahmad Nurabadi <p>This study aims to describe: 1) problems faced by principals in implementing their leadership; 2) the role played by the principal in implementing effective leadership, and 3) the dominant leadership behavior of principals in implementing the curriculum 2013 effectively in religious-based schools.&nbsp;This study was designed using a multisite research design to find out and explain in detail about effective leadership in the implementation of the curriculum.2013 This study uses a qualitative research design with a constant comparative analysis method.&nbsp;Research findings include: 1) religious-based schools have relatively similar problems in the implementation of the 2013 curriculum; 2) Principals play a religious-based leadership in a local context; 3) Effective leadership behaviors in the implementation of the curriculum 2013&nbsp;include: change leadership, spiritual, instructional, and entrepreneurs.</p> 2018-12-04T04:18:55+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Proposed Legal Solution in Resolving Family Disputes With the History of Domestic Violence 2018-12-04T04:16:46+00:00 Nur Farahiyah Mohd Nasir Zinatul Ashiqin Zainol Muhamad Helmi Md. Said <p><em>Domestic violence happens when a woman or man regularly hurts his or her spouse physically or verbally such as beats or mentally tortures the other. Meeting face-to-face in the mediation process with the batterer to resolve family disputes may raise the issue of power imbalance, especially when the victim hide the history of violence. This article reviews the challenges of Muslim family disputes in Malaysia resolving the disputes with the history of violence and analyses what online mediation may offer to overcome the said problem. Being a pure legal research, this paper is doctrinal in its approach. The finding of this research is mediation is not an appropriate mechanism to resolve Muslim family disputes with the history of violence because it will cause more injustice to the victim. Thus, this paper concludes by suggesting online mediation as another alternative to resolve the family disputes.</em></p> 2018-12-04T04:16:45+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Local Undergraduates’ Perceptions on Curriculum Internationalization: 2018-12-04T04:18:26+00:00 Munir Shuib Siti Norbaya Azizan <p>The study findings revealed that curriculum internationalization is generally well-perceived by local undergraduates in the Malaysian public university. Specifically, the respondents agreed on the importance of internationalization of curriculum by their university. In their view, the internationalization elements have been integrated into the curriculum through various approaches by their lecturers, such as by infusing a global perspective in the lessons. &nbsp;Despite the perceived importance of curriculum internationalization, this study also reported that there are several barriers hindering local undergraduates to actively participate in internationalization activities, which include financial constraints and lack of awareness among the students about such programs and activities in their university.</p> 2018-12-04T04:18:25+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## How does Work Engagement Affect Psychosocial Safety Climate and Burnout? The Case of the Malaysian Research Universities 2018-12-04T04:17:45+00:00 Derick Teoh Kok Ban Daisy Mui Hung Kee <p class="AICAbstractText" style="margin: 6.0pt 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%;">This study porposes an excelling job design by Psychosocial Safety Climate (PSC) via different types of job demands which could improve the work engagement of Malaysian research universities academicians while diminishing their burnout level. Hence, work engagement is proposed in this study as a promising mediator for the relationship between challenge demands and hindrance demands to burnout among respective academicians. In general, the comprehensive PSC context suggested for the remenurative job demands while minimizing the level of burnout of academicians through work engagement as the mediation pathway. Ergo, PSC is valuable as a tool in helping the enhancement of management practices of research universities and consecutively the health and well-being of academicians. </span></p> 2018-12-04T04:17:45+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Role of Local Leadership in Community- Based Rural Homestay in Malaysia 2018-12-04T04:17:15+00:00 SITI AISAH ABAS NORHAZLIZA ABD HALIM <p>This conceptual research intended to highlight the emergent concept of local leadership in Community-Based Rural Homestay (CBRH) in Malaysia. In addition, the development and progress of local participation in CBRH also become the focal point to be discussed. Undeniably, Community-Based Rural Homestay become a vehichle and development for local community to enhance their socioeconomy through engagement as homestay operators. Ministry of Tourism and Culture put a lot effort to improve infrastructure and facilities in every homestay providers to boost up tourist arrival. Apart of being source of income to local community, CBRH also offers various local product, quality rural experience and culture preservation and conservation for tourist. &nbsp;Thus, CBRH programme has proved as a platform for local community empowerment and distributed benefir as individual or collective basis. Most of the homestay operator motivated to participate in this programme due to value-added to their source of income and medium for them to promote their local culture to tourist. However, incompetent leaders to lead the CBRH initiatives become a challenge to homestay operator as they need a proactive leaders to drive and facilitate them in order to handle tourist and homestay operation.</p> 2018-12-04T04:17:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Environmental Sanitation Behaviour on Households in Sukakarya, Megamendung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia 2018-12-04T04:16:16+00:00 yusriani Sapta Dewi <p>This research proposed four hypotheses, and the results showed that there is a positive relationship between cohesiveness, social justice and innovativeness with environmental sanitation behaviour, either individually or all at once</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-04T04:16:16+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Teachers’ Leadership Styles for Learning and Student Academic Press/Emphasis: A Weird Relationship? 2018-12-04T04:15:37+00:00 HEMATHY KUNALAN Hairuddin Mohd. Ali Mohamad Sahari Nordin <p>This study proposed to address two research hypotheses; <em>H<sub>1</sub>:</em> Coercive (COE) and coaching (COA) leadership styles represent the leadership styles practices of the English subject teachers at the selected national secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and <em>H<sub>2</sub></em>: There is a significant relationship between English subject teachers’ leadership styles practices with the students’ AP/AE in selected national secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The results showed that academic press/emphasis (AP/AE) is determined by leadership style practices particularly COA except COE. Interestingly there is strong evidence that almost all English subject teachers from all three selected schools understudy did not exhibit COE leadership style compared to COA which was the most influential predictor. They might probably try to avoid in practicing COE leadership style as this would create reinforcement patterns among the students. For this reason, Bass and Riggio (2006) described COE leadership style as the absence of leadership.</p> 2018-12-04T04:15:37+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Improving Vocabulary Skills Using Video Games 2018-12-04T04:15:04+00:00 Mohd Shafie Rosli Muhammad Fairuz Nizam Awalludin <p class="AICAbstractText"><span lang="EN-GB">As the world is embracing the 21st century, a new tool that could facilitate English as Second Language (ESL) classroom is imperative. In this case, video games seem to offer a promising positive impact toward ESL classroom. Video games is interactive, which at the same time is suitable for 21st century learner who are craving for technologies. Thus, this study was conducted. Data collection was done in a primary school in South of Malaysia which two class being sampled. The two classrooms were separated into control group and experimental group. Before any statistical test being conducted, the data was tested for its normality. For this research, the researchers had performed Shapiro-Wilk test. Based on the test, the data was found as normally distributed. To study the effectiveness of video games in facilitating ESL classroom, a Paired Sample T-Test was conducted to measure the different between the pretest and posttest score. A significant different was visible from the test. Further statistical test shows that experimental group perform better that their counterpart in control group.</span></p> 2018-12-04T04:15:04+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Living in Fear 2018-12-04T04:13:53+00:00 William Wee-Lim Hew Boon-Yee Low Gerald Guan-Gan Goh Siok-Hwa Lau <p>While urbanisation has always been welcomed as a driver to economic amelioration, it has also been criticised for raising expectations and complicating the lives of&nbsp; urban residents. With urban development, wellbeing is often compromised as income disparity increases, quality of life decreases. Of late, crime has been a major concern. Criminal activities have eroded the sense of urban wellbeing and caused the desertion of neighbourhoods. &nbsp;While the Malaysian government tries to achieve sustainable urban development by containing urban sprawl, crime is undoing these efforts. Interviews with residents in crime-prone areas show that many are increasingly threatened by criminal activities in their neighbourhoods and have shown high tendencies to move out of the neighbourhoods. Steps to contain this problem is by having neighbourhood-level security measures as well as heightened involvement in community safety initiatives</p> 2018-12-04T04:13:53+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Exploring Online Apparel Shopping Satisfaction on Sizing and Fit for Malaysian Children 2018-12-04T04:13:20+00:00 Nurashikin Saaludin Mohd Hafizul Ismail Suriyati Harun <p>The advancement for the internet facilities have encouraged the the proliferation of online shopping especially apparel segments in Malaysia. Apparel are not only for basic neccessity but also as a trendy fashion as well. Meeting an appropriate sizing and comfortable apparel are the most important elements for consideration of purchasing. This study has determined the uncertainty problem on sizing and fit of apparel for Malaysian children from the perceptive of parents or guardians. Girth and length were identified as a good key dimensions measurement. Height and bust and, height and waist were used to measure upper body and lower body respectively. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) has proved that higher income households had greater discrepancies with respect to satisfaction levels items than lower income household. Different apparel sizing system by brands and manufacturers could lead to consumer confusion and dissatisfaction in shopping via online.</p> 2018-12-04T04:13:20+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review on Gender Difference in HSB and PTG after Natural Disaster 2018-12-04T04:12:52+00:00 Sadaf Alamdar Yuqing Zhang <p>Millions of people are affected by the natural disasters in different regions of world. Survivors often witnesses prolong psychological distress by the death of loved one, damage of property, injuries and shortage of basic need. However, individual differences occur in their struggle with trauma, they also manifest positive change which is known as Post traumatic growth (<a href="#_ENREF_8">Kleim &amp; Ehlers, 2009</a>). This growth can occur in both male and female survivors, findings of researches are inconsistent.</p> <p>Help seeking behaviour refers to person’s communication to seek guidance and support for treatment either formally from the professionals or informally. Researches on HSB show few trends. Young people and female seek help informally before they ask for the formal help whereas male try to avoid seek help at first (<a href="#_ENREF_2">Benson, 1990</a>; <a href="#_ENREF_10">Offer, Howard, Schonert, &amp; Ostrov, 1991</a>; <a href="#_ENREF_11">Rickwood &amp; Braithwaite, 1994</a>).</p> <p>As per authors knowledge there is no published study available on gender role in help seeking behavior and PTG in natural disaster. The purpose to conduct this review article is to fill this gap in the literature. Furthermore, this will determine a role gender can play when seeking help and developing PTG and will help professionals to make treatment plans for different genders according to their needs.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> 2018-12-04T04:12:51+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Quality of Interactive Multimedia in Indonesian Language Learning at the 5th Grade of Elementary School: The Practicality and Effectiveness after Wide-Scale Tryout 2018-12-04T04:12:23+00:00 Hasnul Fikri Ade Sri Madona Yetty Morelent, YM <p class="AICAbstractText" style="margin: 6.0pt 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 120%;">Development of interactive multimedia is one solution to problem unsatisfactory Indonesian language learning outcomes. This research is a research and development, especially the development phase, namely a wide-scale tryout. From the data analysis, it's found that the media is very practical seen from the students and teachers' responses. The media are also <span class="shorttext">very effective from two aspects, namely the students’ learning outcomes and the students’ activities. </span>Thus, the developed media can be applied and disseminated for Indonesian language learning in 5<sup>th</sup> elementary schools.</span></p> 2018-12-04T04:12:23+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Using Data Mining to Predict Academician Publication Output 2018-12-04T04:11:54+00:00 Mohd Zakree Ahmad Nazri Rohayu Abdul Ghani Mas Ayu Che Razali <p>This research focuses on predicting academician performance in terms of publication productivity and investigate the factors that affect academicians’ achievement. Previous studies have shown that there are many important variables when analysing academicians’ productivity at the individual level. This study investigates how scientific publication rate by individual is influenced by factors such as gender, age, number of research grant and academic position of the researchers using decision tree. Having a decision rules, university leaders can understand upcoming trends with respect to leadership requirements and academicians needs. It is also helping university managements understand challenges and therefore can deploy the right strategies for human resource management interventions.&nbsp; The discovered knowledge among the attributes obtained from mining the data can be used to predict the university productivity output. The study, involving almost 3000 university lecturers, shows a number of interesting patterns that can be used for predicting publicatio output.</p> 2018-12-04T04:11:54+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Students’ Perception of Using an Android Smartphone Application as a Supplementary Learning Resource 2018-12-04T04:11:24+00:00 Sri Wahyuni <p>A great number of students has a smartphone. They prefer to use it for supporting learning process and the out of classroom activities (Oz, 2014; Simonova &amp; Poulova, 2016). As well, Android is the most widely used operating system especially in Indonesia (Statcounter, 2018). In supporting the idea of using smartphone as a learning resource in educational objectives, some researchers has stated some benefits of using it. The findings revealed that the students were activated to learn, fascinated, energized, and enhancing the students’ competence. It tends to be presumed that the students are normally inspired by mobile learning, specifically through smartphone (Cavus &amp; Ibrahim, 2009, 2016; Cho, 2018; Hsu, Wang, &amp; Comac, 2008).</p> <p>In connection with the ownership of smarthpone and its advantages in learning process, &nbsp;the reseacher designed an android application as a supplementary learning resources. To figure out the students’ perception of using this application, the study proposed a research question and the result indicated that the students positively reponded of using an android smartphone application as a suplementary learning resource.</p> 2018-12-04T04:11:24+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Theoretical Framework for Supporting The Internationalization of SMEs 2018-12-04T04:10:57+00:00 Thesa Adi Purwanto <p>Research on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) focuses on the reasons and the way in which SMEs are moving towards internationalization. The majority uses one of the three commonly used approaches, namely the economic, the network and the organizational approach. Each provides an illustration that is consistent with his or her point of view but can not afford a comprehensive overview of SMEs internationalization. This study aims to combine these three approaches by creating a structured framework theory. In this study, the method used is the qualitative approach with a higher level of content analysis. This study is conducted by collecting and studying data and information obtained from journals, and other sources of literature. The results depict that the rapidly evolving concept of digital technology now seems to be a unifying factor in the integration of these three approaches. This concept can provide explanations not only about the "why," but also about "how" SMEs internationalization.</p> 2018-12-04T04:10:57+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##