This study aims to describe: 1) problems faced by principals in implementing their leadership; 2) the role played by the principal in implementing effective leadership, and 3) the dominant leadership behavior of principals in implementing the curriculum 2013 effectively in religious-based schools. This study was designed using a multisite research design to find out and explain in detail about effective leadership in the implementation of the curriculum.2013 This study uses a qualitative research design with a constant comparative analysis method. Research findings include: 1) religious-based schools have relatively similar problems in the implementation of the 2013 curriculum; 2) Principals play a religious-based leadership in a local context; 3) Effective leadership behaviors in the implementation of the curriculum 2013 include: change leadership, spiritual, instructional, and entrepreneurs.
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